Vulnerabilities > CVE-2022-48675 - Improper Locking vulnerability in Linux Kernel

Attack vector
Attack complexity
Privileges required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
low complexity


In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: IB/core: Fix a nested dead lock as part of ODP flow Fix a nested dead lock as part of ODP flow by using mmput_async(). From the below call trace [1] can see that calling mmput() once we have the umem_odp->umem_mutex locked as required by ib_umem_odp_map_dma_and_lock() might trigger in the same task the exit_mmap()->__mmu_notifier_release()->mlx5_ib_invalidate_range() which may dead lock when trying to lock the same mutex. Moving to use mmput_async() will solve the problem as the above exit_mmap() flow will be called in other task and will be executed once the lock will be available. [1] [64843.077665] task:kworker/u133:2 state:D stack: 0 pid:80906 ppid: 2 flags:0x00004000 [64843.077672] Workqueue: mlx5_ib_page_fault mlx5_ib_eqe_pf_action [mlx5_ib] [64843.077719] Call Trace: [64843.077722] <TASK> [64843.077724] __schedule+0x23d/0x590 [64843.077729] schedule+0x4e/0xb0 [64843.077735] schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10 [64843.077740] __mutex_lock.constprop.0+0x263/0x490 [64843.077747] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20 [64843.077752] mutex_lock+0x34/0x40 [64843.077758] mlx5_ib_invalidate_range+0x48/0x270 [mlx5_ib] [64843.077808] __mmu_notifier_release+0x1a4/0x200 [64843.077816] exit_mmap+0x1bc/0x200 [64843.077822] ? walk_page_range+0x9c/0x120 [64843.077828] ? __cond_resched+0x1a/0x50 [64843.077833] ? mutex_lock+0x13/0x40 [64843.077839] ? uprobe_clear_state+0xac/0x120 [64843.077860] mmput+0x5f/0x140 [64843.077867] ib_umem_odp_map_dma_and_lock+0x21b/0x580 [ib_core] [64843.077931] pagefault_real_mr+0x9a/0x140 [mlx5_ib] [64843.077962] pagefault_mr+0xb4/0x550 [mlx5_ib] [64843.077992] pagefault_single_data_segment.constprop.0+0x2ac/0x560 [mlx5_ib] [64843.078022] mlx5_ib_eqe_pf_action+0x528/0x780 [mlx5_ib] [64843.078051] process_one_work+0x22b/0x3d0 [64843.078059] worker_thread+0x53/0x410 [64843.078065] ? process_one_work+0x3d0/0x3d0 [64843.078073] kthread+0x12a/0x150 [64843.078079] ? set_kthread_struct+0x50/0x50 [64843.078085] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30 [64843.078093] </TASK>

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Leveraging Race Conditions
    This attack targets a race condition occurring when multiple processes access and manipulate the same resource concurrently and the outcome of the execution depends on the particular order in which the access takes place. The attacker can leverage a race condition by "running the race", modifying the resource and modifying the normal execution flow. For instance a race condition can occur while accessing a file, the attacker can trick the system by replacing the original file with his version and cause the system to read the malicious file.
  • Leveraging Race Conditions via Symbolic Links
    This attack leverages the use of symbolic links (Symlinks) in order to write to sensitive files. An attacker can create a Symlink link to a target file not otherwise accessible to her. When the privileged program tries to create a temporary file with the same name as the Symlink link, it will actually write to the target file pointed to by the attackers' Symlink link. If the attacker can insert malicious content in the temporary file she will be writing to the sensitive file by using the Symlink. The race occurs because the system checks if the temporary file exists, then creates the file. The attacker would typically create the Symlink during the interval between the check and the creation of the temporary file.