Vulnerabilities > CVE-2021-27022 - Information Exposure Through Log Files vulnerability in Puppet Enterprise

047910
CVSS 4.0 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
LOW
Privileges required
SINGLE
Confidentiality impact
PARTIAL
Integrity impact
NONE
Availability impact
NONE
network
low complexity
puppet
CWE-532

Summary

A flaw was discovered in bolt-server and ace where running a task with sensitive parameters results in those sensitive parameters being logged when they should not be. This issue only affects SSH/WinRM nodes (inventory service nodes).

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count
Application
Puppet
131

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Fuzzing and observing application log data/errors for application mapping
    An attacker sends random, malformed, or otherwise unexpected messages to a target application and observes the application's log or error messages returned. Fuzzing techniques involve sending random or malformed messages to a target and monitoring the target's response. The attacker does not initially know how a target will respond to individual messages but by attempting a large number of message variants they may find a variant that trigger's desired behavior. In this attack, the purpose of the fuzzing is to observe the application's log and error messages, although fuzzing a target can also sometimes cause the target to enter an unstable state, causing a crash. By observing logs and error messages, the attacker can learn details about the configuration of the target application and might be able to cause the target to disclose sensitive information.