CVE-2018-4414 - Improper Restriction of Operations Within the Bounds of A Memory Buffer vulnerability in Apple products

047910
CVSS 6.8 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
PARTIAL
Integrity impact
PARTIAL
Availability impact
PARTIAL

Summary

A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved input validation. This issue affected versions prior to iOS 12, macOS Mojave 10.14, tvOS 12, watchOS 5, iTunes 12.9 for Windows, iCloud for Windows 7.7.

Vulnerable Configurations

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.

Nessus

NASL familyMacOS X Local Security Checks
NASL idMACOS_10_14.NASL
descriptionThe remote host is running a version of Mac OS X that is prior to 10.13.6 or is not macOS 10.14. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities in the following components : - afpserver - AppleGraphicsControl - Application Firewall - App Store - APR - ATS - Auto Unlock - Bluetooth - CFNetwork - CoreFoundation - CoreText - Crash Reporter - CUPS - Dictionary - Grand Central Dispatch - Heimdal - Hypervisor - iBooks - Intel Graphics Driver - IOHIDFamily - IOKit - IOUserEthernet - Kernel - LibreSSL - Login Window - mDNSOffloadUserClient - MediaRemote - Microcode - Security - Spotlight - Symptom Framework - Text - Wi-Fi Note that successful exploitation of the most serious issues can result in arbitrary code execution.
last seen2020-01-01
modified2020-01-02
plugin id118178
published2018-10-18
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/118178
titlemacOS < 10.14 Multiple Vulnerabilities