CVE-2018-4378 - Improper Restriction of Operations Within the Bounds of A Memory Buffer vulnerability in Apple products

047910
CVSS 6.8 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
PARTIAL
Integrity impact
PARTIAL
Availability impact
PARTIAL

Summary

A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved validation. This issue affected versions prior to iOS 12.1, tvOS 12.1, watchOS 5.1, Safari 12.0.1, iTunes 12.9.1, iCloud for Windows 7.8.

Vulnerable Configurations

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.

Nessus

  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idOPENSUSE-2019-68.NASL
    descriptionThis update for webkit2gtk3 to version 2.22.4 fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : CVE-2018-4191, CVE-2018-4197, CVE-2018-4299, CVE-2018-4306, CVE-2018-4309, CVE-2018-4392, CVE-2018-4312, CVE-2018-4314, CVE-2018-4315, CVE-2018-4316, CVE-2018-4317, CVE-2018-4318, CVE-2018-4319, CVE-2018-4323, CVE-2018-4328, CVE-2018-4358, CVE-2018-4359, CVE-2018-4361, CVE-2018-4345, CVE-2018-4372, CVE-2018-4373, CVE-2018-4375, CVE-2018-4376, CVE-2018-4416, CVE-2018-4378, CVE-2018-4382, CVE-2018-4386 (bsc#1110279, bsc#1116998). This update was imported from the SUSE:SLE-12-SP2:Update update project.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121291
    published2019-01-22
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121291
    titleopenSUSE Security Update : webkit2gtk3 (openSUSE-2019-68)
  • NASL familyPeer-To-Peer File Sharing
    NASL idITUNES_12_9_1_BANNER.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.9.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the HT209197 advisory. Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id118717
    published2018-11-02
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/118717
    titleApple iTunes < 12.9.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (uncredentialed check)
  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idSUSE_SU-2019-0092-1.NASL
    descriptionThis update for webkit2gtk3 to version 2.22.5 fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : CVE-2018-4372, CVE-2018-4345, CVE-2018-4386, CVE-2018-4375, CVE-2018-4376, CVE-2018-4378, CVE-2018-4382, CVE-2018-4392, CVE-2018-4416, CVE-2018-4191, CVE-2018-4197, CVE-2018-4299, CVE-2018-4306, CVE-2018-4309, CVE-2018-4312, CVE-2018-4314, CVE-2018-4315, CVE-2018-4316, CVE-2018-4317, CVE-2018-4318, CVE-2018-4319, CVE-2018-4323, CVE-2018-4328, CVE-2018-4358, CVE-2018-4359, CVE-2018-4361, CVE-2018-4373, CVE-2018-4162, CVE-2018-4163, CVE-2018-4165, CVE-2018-11713, CVE-2018-4207, CVE-2018-4208, CVE-2018-4209, CVE-2018-4210, CVE-2018-4212, CVE-2018-4213, CVE-2018-4437, CVE-2018-4438, CVE-2018-4441, CVE-2018-4442, CVE-2018-4443, CVE-2018-4464 (bsc#1119558, bsc#1116998, bsc#1110279) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121206
    published2019-01-16
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121206
    titleSUSE SLED15 / SLES15 Security Update : webkit2gtk3 (SUSE-SU-2019:0092-1)
  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idSUSE_SU-2019-0059-1.NASL
    descriptionThis update for webkit2gtk3 to version 2.22.4 fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : CVE-2018-4191, CVE-2018-4197, CVE-2018-4299, CVE-2018-4306, CVE-2018-4309, CVE-2018-4392, CVE-2018-4312, CVE-2018-4314, CVE-2018-4315, CVE-2018-4316, CVE-2018-4317, CVE-2018-4318, CVE-2018-4319, CVE-2018-4323, CVE-2018-4328, CVE-2018-4358, CVE-2018-4359, CVE-2018-4361, CVE-2018-4345, CVE-2018-4372, CVE-2018-4373, CVE-2018-4375, CVE-2018-4376, CVE-2018-4416, CVE-2018-4378, CVE-2018-4382, CVE-2018-4386 (bsc#1110279, bsc#1116998). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121093
    published2019-01-11
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121093
    titleSUSE SLED12 / SLES12 Security Update : webkit2gtk3 (SUSE-SU-2019:0059-1)
  • NASL familyWindows
    NASL idITUNES_12_9_1.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.9.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the HT209197 advisory. Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id118718
    published2018-11-02
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/118718
    titleApple iTunes < 12.9.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (credentialed check)
  • NASL familyMacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL idMACOSX_SAFARI12_0_1.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Apple Safari installed on the remote macOS or Mac OS X host is prior to 12.0.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id118571
    published2018-10-31
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/118571
    titlemacOS : Apple Safari < 12.0.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idOPENSUSE-2019-81.NASL
    descriptionThis update for webkit2gtk3 to version 2.22.5 fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : - CVE-2018-4372, CVE-2018-4345, CVE-2018-4386, CVE-2018-4375, CVE-2018-4376, CVE-2018-4378, CVE-2018-4382, CVE-2018-4392, CVE-2018-4416, CVE-2018-4191, CVE-2018-4197, CVE-2018-4299, CVE-2018-4306, CVE-2018-4309, CVE-2018-4312, CVE-2018-4314, CVE-2018-4315, CVE-2018-4316, CVE-2018-4317, CVE-2018-4318, CVE-2018-4319, CVE-2018-4323, CVE-2018-4328, CVE-2018-4358, CVE-2018-4359, CVE-2018-4361, CVE-2018-4373, CVE-2018-4162, CVE-2018-4163, CVE-2018-4165, CVE-2018-11713, CVE-2018-4207, CVE-2018-4208, CVE-2018-4209, CVE-2018-4210, CVE-2018-4212, CVE-2018-4213, CVE-2018-4437, CVE-2018-4438, CVE-2018-4441, CVE-2018-4442, CVE-2018-4443, CVE-2018-4464 (bsc#1119558, bsc#1116998, bsc#1110279) This update was imported from the SUSE:SLE-15:Update update project.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121339
    published2019-01-24
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121339
    titleopenSUSE Security Update : webkit2gtk3 (openSUSE-2019-81)
  • NASL familyMisc.
    NASL idAPPLETV_12_1.NASL
    descriptionAccording to its banner, the version of Apple TV on the remote device is prior to 12.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as described in the HT209194 security advisory. Note that only 4th generation devices are affected by these vulnerabilities.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id118712
    published2018-11-02
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/118712
    titleApple TV < 12.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities