CVE-2018-20505 - SQL Injection vulnerability in multiple products

047910
CVSS 5.0 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
LOW
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
NONE
Integrity impact
NONE
Availability impact
PARTIAL

Summary

SQLite 3.25.2, when queries are run on a table with a malformed PRIMARY KEY, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) by leveraging the ability to run arbitrary SQL statements (such as in certain WebSQL use cases).

Vulnerable Configurations

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

CWE-89 - SQL Injection

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.
  • Object Relational Mapping Injection
    An attacker leverages a weakness present in the database access layer code generated with an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) tool or a weakness in the way that a developer used a persistence framework to inject his or her own SQL commands to be executed against the underlying database. The attack here is similar to plain SQL injection, except that the application does not use JDBC to directly talk to the database, but instead it uses a data access layer generated by an ORM tool or framework (e.g. Hibernate). While most of the time code generated by an ORM tool contains safe access methods that are immune to SQL injection, sometimes either due to some weakness in the generated code or due to the fact that the developer failed to use the generated access methods properly, SQL injection is still possible.
  • SQL Injection through SOAP Parameter Tampering
    An attacker modifies the parameters of the SOAP message that is sent from the service consumer to the service provider to initiate a SQL injection attack. On the service provider side, the SOAP message is parsed and parameters are not properly validated before being used to access a database in a way that does not use parameter binding, thus enabling the attacker to control the structure of the executed SQL query. This pattern describes a SQL injection attack with the delivery mechanism being a SOAP message.
  • Expanding Control over the Operating System from the Database
    An attacker is able to leverage access gained to the database to read / write data to the file system, compromise the operating system, create a tunnel for accessing the host machine, and use this access to potentially attack other machines on the same network as the database machine. Traditionally SQL injections attacks are viewed as a way to gain unauthorized read access to the data stored in the database, modify the data in the database, delete the data, etc. However, almost every data base management system (DBMS) system includes facilities that if compromised allow an attacker complete access to the file system, operating system, and full access to the host running the database. The attacker can then use this privileged access to launch subsequent attacks. These facilities include dropping into a command shell, creating user defined functions that can call system level libraries present on the host machine, stored procedures, etc.
  • SQL Injection
    This attack exploits target software that constructs SQL statements based on user input. An attacker crafts input strings so that when the target software constructs SQL statements based on the input, the resulting SQL statement performs actions other than those the application intended. SQL Injection results from failure of the application to appropriately validate input. When specially crafted user-controlled input consisting of SQL syntax is used without proper validation as part of SQL queries, it is possible to glean information from the database in ways not envisaged during application design. Depending upon the database and the design of the application, it may also be possible to leverage injection to have the database execute system-related commands of the attackers' choice. SQL Injection enables an attacker to talk directly to the database, thus bypassing the application completely. Successful injection can cause information disclosure as well as ability to add or modify data in the database. In order to successfully inject SQL and retrieve information from a database, an attacker:

Nessus

  • NASL familyMacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL idMACOS_10_14_3.NASL
    descriptionThe remote host is running a version of macOS / Mac OS X that is 10.14.x prior to 10.14.3. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities related to the following components: - AppleKeyStore - Bluetooth - Core Media - CoreAnimation - FaceTime - IOKit - Kernel - libxpc - Natural Language Processing - QuartzCore - SQLite - WebRTC Note that successful exploitation of the most serious issues can result in arbitrary code execution.
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121393
    published2019-01-25
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121393
    titlemacOS 10.14.x < 10.14.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL familyUbuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL idUBUNTU_USN-4019-1.NASL
    descriptionIt was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain SQL files. An attacker could possibly use this issue to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. (CVE-2017-2518, CVE-2017-2520) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain queries. An attacker could possibly use this issue to execute arbitrary code. This issue only affected Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 18.10. (CVE-2018-20505) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain queries. An attacker could possibly use this issue to execute arbitrary code. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 18.10. (CVE-2018-20346, CVE-2018-20506) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain inputs. An attacker could possibly use this issue to access sensitive information. (CVE-2019-8457) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain queries. An attacker could possibly use this issue to access sensitive information. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 18.10. (CVE-2019-9936) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain inputs. An attacker could possibly use this issue to cause a crash or execute arbitrary code. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 18.10. (CVE-2019-9937) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain inputs. An attacker could possibly use this issue to cause a denial of service. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. (CVE-2016-6153) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain databases. An attacker could possibly use this issue to access sensitive information. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. (CVE-2017-10989) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain files. An attacker could possibly use this issue to cause a denial of service. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. (CVE-2017-13685) It was discovered that SQLite incorrectly handled certain queries. An attacker could possibly use this issue to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service. This issue only affected Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. (CVE-2017-2519). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen2020-01-11
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id126065
    published2019-06-20
    reporterUbuntu Security Notice (C) 2019-2020 Canonical, Inc. / NASL script (C) 2019-2020 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/126065
    titleUbuntu 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS / 18.10 / 19.04 : sqlite3 vulnerabilities (USN-4019-1)
  • NASL familyWindows
    NASL idITUNES_12_9_3.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.9.3. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the HT209450 advisory: - Multiple vulnerabilities exist due to input processing flaws in the WebKit component. An attacker may be able to leverage one of these vulnerability, by providing maliciously crafted web content, to execute arbitrary code on the host. (CVE-2019-6212, CVE-2019-6215, CVE-2019-6216, CVE-2019-6217, CVE-2019-6226, CVE-2019-6227, CVE-2019-6233, CVE-2019-6234) - A universal cross-site scripting vulnerability exists in the WebKit component. An attacker may be able to leverage this vulnerability, by providing maliciously crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in the security context of any site. (CVE-2019-6229) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the AppleKeyStore component. An attacker may be able to leverage this vulnerability to allow a process to circumvent sandbox restrictions. (CVE-2019-6235) - An out-of-bounds read vulnerability exists in the Core Media component. An attacker may be able to leverage this vulnerability to allow a malicious application to elevate its privileges. (CVE-2019-6221) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in the SQLite component. An attacker may be able to leverage these vulnerabilities, by executing a malicious SQL query, to execute arbitrary code on the host. (CVE-2018-20346, CVE-2018-20505, CVE-2018-20506) Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application
    last seen2020-01-01
    modified2020-01-02
    plugin id121473
    published2019-01-30
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/121473
    titleApple iTunes < 12.9.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities (credentialed check)