CVE-2017-9063 - Cross-Site Scripting vulnerability in Wordpress

047910
CVSS 4.3 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
NONE
Integrity impact
PARTIAL
Availability impact
NONE
network
wordpress
debian
CWE-79
nessus

Summary

In WordPress before 4.7.5, a cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability related to the Customizer exists, involving an invalid customization session.

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count
Application
Wordpress
605
OS
Debian
2

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Embedding Scripts in Non-Script Elements
    This attack is a form of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) where malicious scripts are embedded in elements that are not expected to host scripts such as image tags (<img>), comments in XML documents (< !-CDATA->), etc. These tags may not be subject to the same input validation, output validation, and other content filtering and checking routines, so this can create an opportunity for an attacker to tunnel through the application's elements and launch a XSS attack through other elements. As with all remote attacks, it is important to differentiate the ability to launch an attack (such as probing an internal network for unpatched servers) and the ability of the remote attacker to collect and interpret the output of said attack.
  • Embedding Scripts within Scripts
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute scripts. The attacker leverages this capability to execute scripts to execute his/her own script by embedding it within other scripts that the target software is likely to execute. The attacker must have the ability to inject script into script that is likely to be executed. If this is done, then the attacker can potentially launch a variety of probes and attacks against the web server's local environment, in many cases the so-called DMZ, back end resources the web server can communicate with, and other hosts. With the proliferation of intermediaries, such as Web App Firewalls, network devices, and even printers having JVMs and Web servers, there are many locales where an attacker can inject malicious scripts. Since this attack pattern defines scripts within scripts, there are likely privileges to execute said attack on the host. Of course, these attacks are not solely limited to the server side, client side scripts like Ajax and client side JavaScript can contain malicious scripts as well. In general all that is required is for there to be sufficient privileges to execute a script, but not protected against writing.
  • Cross-Site Scripting in Error Pages
    An attacker distributes a link (or possibly some other query structure) with a request to a third party web server that is malformed and also contains a block of exploit code in order to have the exploit become live code in the resulting error page. When the third party web server receives the crafted request and notes the error it then creates an error message that echoes the malformed message, including the exploit. Doing this converts the exploit portion of the message into to valid language elements that are executed by the viewing browser. When a victim executes the query provided by the attacker the infected error message error message is returned including the exploit code which then runs in the victim's browser. XSS can result in execution of code as well as data leakage (e.g. session cookies can be sent to the attacker). This type of attack is especially dangerous since the exploit appears to come from the third party web server, who the victim may trust and hence be more vulnerable to deception.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using Alternate Syntax
    The attacker uses alternate forms of keywords or commands that result in the same action as the primary form but which may not be caught by filters. For example, many keywords are processed in a case insensitive manner. If the site's web filtering algorithm does not convert all tags into a consistent case before the comparison with forbidden keywords it is possible to bypass filters (e.g., incomplete black lists) by using an alternate case structure. For example, the "script" tag using the alternate forms of "Script" or "ScRiPt" may bypass filters where "script" is the only form tested. Other variants using different syntax representations are also possible as well as using pollution meta-characters or entities that are eventually ignored by the rendering engine. The attack can result in the execution of otherwise prohibited functionality.

Nessus

  • NASL familyDebian Local Security Checks
    NASL idDEBIAN_DLA-975.NASL
    descriptionSeveral vulnerabilities were discovered in wordpress, a web blogging tool. The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project identifies the following issues. CVE-2017-8295 Potential unauthorized password reset vulnerability. More information are available at : https://exploitbox.io/vuln/WordPress-Exploit-4-7-Unauth-Password-Reset -0day-CVE-2017-8295.html CVE-2017-9061 A cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists when someone attempts to upload very large files. CVE-2017-9062 Improper handling of post meta data values in the XML-RPC API. CVE-2017-9063 Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the customizer. CVE-2017-9064 A Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) vulnerability exists in the filesystem credentials dialog. CVE-2017-9065 Lack of capability checks for post meta data in the XML-RPC API. For Debian 7
    last seen2020-03-17
    modified2017-06-05
    plugin id100602
    published2017-06-05
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2017-2020 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/100602
    titleDebian DLA-975-1 : wordpress security update
    code
    #%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80502
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    # The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
    # extracted from Debian Security Advisory DLA-975-1. The text
    # itself is copyright (C) Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
    #
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(100602);
      script_version("3.8");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2020/03/12");
    
      script_cve_id("CVE-2017-8295", "CVE-2017-9061", "CVE-2017-9062", "CVE-2017-9063", "CVE-2017-9064", "CVE-2017-9065");
    
      script_name(english:"Debian DLA-975-1 : wordpress security update");
      script_summary(english:"Checks dpkg output for the updated packages.");
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"synopsis", 
        value:"The remote Debian host is missing a security update."
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"description", 
        value:
    "Several vulnerabilities were discovered in wordpress, a web blogging
    tool. The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project identifies the
    following issues.
    
    CVE-2017-8295
    
    Potential unauthorized password reset vulnerability. More information
    are available at :
    
    https://exploitbox.io/vuln/WordPress-Exploit-4-7-Unauth-Password-Reset
    -0day-CVE-2017-8295.html
    
    CVE-2017-9061
    
    A cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists when someone
    attempts to upload very large files.
    
    CVE-2017-9062
    
    Improper handling of post meta data values in the XML-RPC API.
    
    CVE-2017-9063
    
    Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the customizer.
    
    CVE-2017-9064
    
    A Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) vulnerability exists in the
    filesystem credentials dialog.
    
    CVE-2017-9065
    
    Lack of capability checks for post meta data in the XML-RPC API.
    
    For Debian 7 'Wheezy', these problems have been fixed in version
    3.6.1+dfsg-1~deb7u15.
    
    We recommend that you upgrade your wordpress packages.
    
    NOTE: Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description
    block directly from the DLA security advisory. Tenable has attempted
    to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without
    introducing additional issues."
      );
      # https://exploitbox.io/vuln/WordPress-Exploit-4-7-Unauth-Password-Reset-0day-CVE-2017-8295.html
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?5a4aa4f1"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://lists.debian.org/debian-lts-announce/2017/06/msg00004.html"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://packages.debian.org/source/wheezy/wordpress"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"solution", 
        value:"Upgrade the affected wordpress, and wordpress-l10n packages."
      );
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
      script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
      script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
      script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:wordpress");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:wordpress-l10n");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:7.0");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2017/06/02");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2017/06/05");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2017-2020 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
      script_family(english:"Debian Local Security Checks");
    
      script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
      script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/Debian/release", "Host/Debian/dpkg-l");
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    
    include("audit.inc");
    include("debian_package.inc");
    
    
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/Debian/release")) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Debian");
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/Debian/dpkg-l")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);
    
    
    flag = 0;
    if (deb_check(release:"7.0", prefix:"wordpress", reference:"3.6.1+dfsg-1~deb7u15")) flag++;
    if (deb_check(release:"7.0", prefix:"wordpress-l10n", reference:"3.6.1+dfsg-1~deb7u15")) flag++;
    
    if (flag)
    {
      if (report_verbosity > 0) security_warning(port:0, extra:deb_report_get());
      else security_warning(0);
      exit(0);
    }
    else audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, "affected");
    
  • NASL familyDebian Local Security Checks
    NASL idDEBIAN_DSA-3870.NASL
    descriptionSeveral vulnerabilities were discovered in wordpress, a web blogging tool. They would allow remote attackers to force password resets, and perform various cross-site scripting and cross-site request forgery attacks.
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id100561
    published2017-06-01
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2017-2018 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/100561
    titleDebian DSA-3870-1 : wordpress - security update
    code
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    # The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were  
    # extracted from Debian Security Advisory DSA-3870. The text 
    # itself is copyright (C) Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
    #
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(100561);
      script_version("3.11");
      script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/10 11:49:38");
    
      script_cve_id("CVE-2017-8295", "CVE-2017-9061", "CVE-2017-9062", "CVE-2017-9063", "CVE-2017-9064", "CVE-2017-9065");
      script_xref(name:"DSA", value:"3870");
    
      script_name(english:"Debian DSA-3870-1 : wordpress - security update");
      script_summary(english:"Checks dpkg output for the updated package");
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"synopsis", 
        value:"The remote Debian host is missing a security-related update."
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"description", 
        value:
    "Several vulnerabilities were discovered in wordpress, a web blogging
    tool. They would allow remote attackers to force password resets, and
    perform various cross-site scripting and cross-site request forgery
    attacks."
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=862053"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=862816"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://packages.debian.org/source/jessie/wordpress"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://www.debian.org/security/2017/dsa-3870"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"solution", 
        value:
    "Upgrade the wordpress packages.
    
    For the stable distribution (jessie), these problems have been fixed
    in version 4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14.
    
    For the upcoming stable (stretch) and unstable (sid) distributions,
    these problems have been fixed in version 4.7.5+dfsg-1."
      );
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
      script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
      script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
      script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:wordpress");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:8.0");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2017/06/01");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2017/06/01");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2017-2018 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");
      script_family(english:"Debian Local Security Checks");
    
      script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
      script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/Debian/release", "Host/Debian/dpkg-l");
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    
    include("audit.inc");
    include("debian_package.inc");
    
    
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/Debian/release")) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Debian");
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/Debian/dpkg-l")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);
    
    
    flag = 0;
    if (deb_check(release:"8.0", prefix:"wordpress", reference:"4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14")) flag++;
    if (deb_check(release:"8.0", prefix:"wordpress-l10n", reference:"4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14")) flag++;
    if (deb_check(release:"8.0", prefix:"wordpress-theme-twentyfifteen", reference:"4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14")) flag++;
    if (deb_check(release:"8.0", prefix:"wordpress-theme-twentyfourteen", reference:"4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14")) flag++;
    if (deb_check(release:"8.0", prefix:"wordpress-theme-twentythirteen", reference:"4.1+dfsg-1+deb8u14")) flag++;
    
    if (flag)
    {
      if (report_verbosity > 0) security_warning(port:0, extra:deb_report_get());
      else security_warning(0);
      exit(0);
    }
    else audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, "affected");
    
  • NASL familyCGI abuses
    NASL idWORDPRESS_4_7_5.NASL
    descriptionAccording to its self-reported version number, the WordPress application running on the remote web server is prior to 4.7.5. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A DOM-based cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in the uploadSizeError() function within file wp-includes/js/plupload/handlers.js when handling overly large file uploads due to improper validation of user-supplied input to file names before returning it in error messages. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted request, to execute arbitrary script code in a user
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id100298
    published2017-05-19
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2017-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/100298
    titleWordPress < 4.7.5 Multiple Vulnerabilities
    code
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(100298);
      script_version("1.8");
      script_cvs_date("Date: 2019/11/13");
    
      script_cve_id(
        "CVE-2017-9061",
        "CVE-2017-9062",
        "CVE-2017-9063",
        "CVE-2017-9064",
        "CVE-2017-9065",
        "CVE-2017-9066"
      );
      script_bugtraq_id(98509);
    
      script_name(english:"WordPress < 4.7.5 Multiple Vulnerabilities");
      script_summary(english:"Checks the version of WordPress.");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
    "A PHP application running on the remote web server is affected by
    multiple vulnerabilities.");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
    "According to its self-reported version number, the WordPress
    application running on the remote web server is prior to 4.7.5.
    It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :
    
      - A DOM-based cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability
        exists in the uploadSizeError() function within file
        wp-includes/js/plupload/handlers.js when handling overly
        large file uploads due to improper validation of
        user-supplied input to file names before returning it in
        error messages. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can
        exploit this, via a specially crafted request, to
        execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser
        session. (CVE-2017-9061)
    
      - A flaw exists in the set_custom_fields() function within
        file wp-includes/class-wp-xmlrpc-server.php when
        accessing post meta data due to improper validation of
        user-supplied input. An authenticated, remote attacker
        can exploit this to gain unauthorized access to meta
        data. (CVE-2017-9062)
    
      - A stored cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists
        within file wp-admin/customize.php script due to
        improper validation of user-supplied input to the blog
        name before returning it to users. An authenticated,
        remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially
        crafted request, to execute arbitrary script code in a
        user's browser session. (CVE-2017-9063)
    
      - A cross-site request forgery (XSRF) vulnerability exists
        in the request_filesystem_credentials() function within
        file /wp-admin/includes/file.php due to a failure to
        require multiple steps, explicit confirmation, or a
        unique token when performing certain sensitive actions.
        An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this,
        by convincing a user to follow a specially crafted link,
        to disclose the user credentials. (CVE-2017-9064)
    
      - A flaw exists in the XML-RPC API, specifically within
        file wp-includes/class-wp-xmlrpc-server.php in the
        _insert_post() function, when handling post meta data
        due to a lack of capability checks. An unauthenticated,
        remote attacker can exploit this to manipulate posts
        without having the required capabilities.
        (CVE-2017-9065)
    
      - A flaw exists in the WP_Http::request() function within
        file wp-includes/class-http.php due to improper
        validation of user-supplied iput. An unauthenticated,
        remote attacker can exploit this to redirect the user to
        a URL of the attacker's choosing. (CVE-2017-9066)
    
    Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead
    relied only on the application's self-reported version number.");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://wordpress.org/news/2017/05/wordpress-4-7-5/");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://codex.wordpress.org/Version_4.7.5");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
    "Upgrade to WordPress version 4.7.5 or later.");
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
      script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
      script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
      script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2017-9064");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No exploit is required");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2017/04/21");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2017/05/16");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2017/05/19");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"potential_vulnerability", value:"true");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"remote");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/a:wordpress:wordpress");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_family(english:"CGI abuses");
    
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2017-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");
    
      script_dependencies("wordpress_detect.nasl");
      script_require_keys("www/PHP", "installed_sw/WordPress", "Settings/ParanoidReport");
      script_require_ports("Services/www", 80, 443);
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    include("vcf.inc");
    include("http.inc");
    
    if (report_paranoia < 2) audit(AUDIT_PARANOID);
    
    app = "WordPress";
    port = get_http_port(default:80, php:TRUE);
    
    app_info = vcf::get_app_info(app:app, port:port, webapp:TRUE);
    vcf::check_granularity(app_info:app_info, sig_segments:2);
    
    constraints = [
      { "min_version":"2.5", "fixed_version":"3.7.21", "fixed_display" : "3.7.21 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"3.8", "fixed_version":"3.8.21", "fixed_display" : "3.8.21 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"3.9", "fixed_version":"3.9.19", "fixed_display" : "3.9.19 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.0", "fixed_version":"4.0.18", "fixed_display" : "4.0.18 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.1", "fixed_version":"4.1.18", "fixed_display" : "4.1.18 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.2", "fixed_version":"4.2.15", "fixed_display" : "4.2.15 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.3", "fixed_version":"4.3.11", "fixed_display" : "4.3.11 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.4", "fixed_version":"4.4.10", "fixed_display" : "4.4.10 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.5", "fixed_version":"4.5.9", "fixed_display" : "4.5.9 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.6", "fixed_version":"4.6.6", "fixed_display" : "4.6.6 / 4.7.5" },
      { "min_version":"4.7", "fixed_version":"4.7.5", "fixed_display" : "4.7.5" }
    ];
    
    vcf::check_version_and_report(
      app_info:app_info,
      constraints:constraints,
      severity:SECURITY_WARNING,
      flags:{xss:TRUE,xsrf:TRUE}
    );