Vulnerabilities > CVE-2015-2517 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls vulnerability in Microsoft products
The kernel-mode driver in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Win32k Memory Corruption Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2015-2511, CVE-2015-2518, and CVE-2015-2546.
Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)
Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)
- Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
- Blue Boxing This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
- Restful Privilege Elevation Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
- Target Programs with Elevated Privileges This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
|description||Windows Kernel - Use-After-Free with Cursor Object (MS15-097). CVE-2015-2517. Dos exploit for win32 platform|
|title||Windows Kernel - Use-After-Free with Cursor Object MS15-097|
|impact||Remote Code Execution|
|title||Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Graphics Component Could Allow Remote Code Execution|
|NASL family||Windows : Microsoft Bulletins|
|description||The remote Windows host is missing a security update. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library due to improper handling of specially crafted OpenType fonts. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability, via a specially crafted application, to elevate privileges and execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2015-2506) - Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2015-2507, CVE-2015-2508, CVE-2015-2512) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in components of Windows, Office, and Lync due to improper handling of specially crafted OpenType fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to open a file or visit a website containing specially crafted OpenType fonts, resulting in execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2015-2510) - Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2015-2511, CVE-2015-2517, CVE-2015-2518, CVE-2015-2546) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper validation and enforcement of integrity levels during certain process initialization scenarios. A local attacker can exploit this vulnerability, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2015-2527) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists due to a failure by the Windows kernel to properly initialize a memory address. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (KASLR) and retrieve the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2015-2529)|
|reporter||This script is Copyright (C) 2015-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.|
|title||MS15-097: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Graphics Component Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3089656)|