Vulnerabilities > CVE-2009-3831 - Code Injection vulnerability in multiple products

047910
CVSS 9.3 - CRITICAL
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
COMPLETE
Integrity impact
COMPLETE
Availability impact
COMPLETE

Summary

Opera before 10.01 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption and application crash) via a crafted domain name.

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count
Application
Opera
128
Application
Opera_Software
69
OS
Microsoft
1

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Manipulating User-Controlled Variables
    This attack targets user controlled variables (DEBUG=1, PHP Globals, and So Forth). An attacker can override environment variables leveraging user-supplied, untrusted query variables directly used on the application server without any data sanitization. In extreme cases, the attacker can change variables controlling the business logic of the application. For instance, in languages like PHP, a number of poorly set default configurations may allow the user to override variables.

Nessus

  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idSUSE_11_2_OPERA-091109.NASL
    descriptionVersion upgrade of Opera to 10.1 to fix : - CVE-2009-3265: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 CVE-2009-3266: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 two XSS attacks via RSS/Atom - CVE-2009-3831: CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 possible remote arbitrary code execution via crafted domain names
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id42464
    published2009-11-11
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/42464
    titleopenSUSE Security Update : opera (opera-1532)
    code
    #%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80502
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    # The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
    # extracted from openSUSE Security Update opera-1532.
    #
    # The text description of this plugin is (C) SUSE LLC.
    #
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(42464);
      script_version("1.9");
      script_cvs_date("Date: 2019/10/25 13:36:35");
    
      script_cve_id("CVE-2009-3265", "CVE-2009-3266", "CVE-2009-3831");
    
      script_name(english:"openSUSE Security Update : opera (opera-1532)");
      script_summary(english:"Check for the opera-1532 patch");
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"synopsis", 
        value:"The remote openSUSE host is missing a security update."
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"description", 
        value:
    "Version upgrade of Opera to 10.1 to fix :
    
      - CVE-2009-3265: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 CVE-2009-3266:
        CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 two XSS attacks via RSS/Atom
    
      - CVE-2009-3831: CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 possible remote
        arbitrary code execution via crafted domain names"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"https://bugzilla.novell.com/show_bug.cgi?id=541665"
      );
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:"Update the affected opera package.");
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
      script_cwe_id(79, 94);
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:novell:opensuse:opera");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:novell:opensuse:11.2");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2009/11/09");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2009/11/11");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
      script_family(english:"SuSE Local Security Checks");
    
      script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
      script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/SuSE/release", "Host/SuSE/rpm-list", "Host/cpu");
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    
    include("audit.inc");
    include("global_settings.inc");
    include("rpm.inc");
    
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
    release = get_kb_item("Host/SuSE/release");
    if (isnull(release) || release =~ "^(SLED|SLES)") audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "openSUSE");
    if (release !~ "^(SUSE11\.2)$") audit(AUDIT_OS_RELEASE_NOT, "openSUSE", "11.2", release);
    if (!get_kb_item("Host/SuSE/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);
    
    ourarch = get_kb_item("Host/cpu");
    if (!ourarch) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
    if (ourarch !~ "^(i586|i686|x86_64)$") audit(AUDIT_ARCH_NOT, "i586 / i686 / x86_64", ourarch);
    
    flag = 0;
    
    if ( rpm_check(release:"SUSE11.2", reference:"opera-10.01-1.1.1") ) flag++;
    
    if (flag)
    {
      if (report_verbosity > 0) security_hole(port:0, extra:rpm_report_get());
      else security_hole(0);
      exit(0);
    }
    else
    {
      tested = pkg_tests_get();
      if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
      else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "opera");
    }
    
  • NASL familyWindows
    NASL idOPERA_1001.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Opera installed on the remote host is earlier than 10.01. Such versions are potential affected by multiple issues : - Specially crafted domain names can cause a memory corruption in Opera, which may lead to a crash or possibly remote code execution. (938) - Opera may allow scripts to run on the feed subscription page, thereby gaining access to the feeds object. (939) - In some cases, a Web font intended to be used for page content could be incorrectly used by Opera to render parts of the user interface, including the address field. (940)
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id42291
    published2009-10-28
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/42291
    titleOpera < 10.01 Multiple Vulnerabilities
    code
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(42291);
      script_version("1.12");
    
      script_cve_id(
        "CVE-2009-3265", 
        "CVE-2009-3266", 
        "CVE-2009-3831", 
        "CVE-2009-3832"
      );
      script_bugtraq_id(36418, 36850);
      script_xref(name:"Secunia", value:"37182");
    
      script_name(english:"Opera < 10.01 Multiple Vulnerabilities");
      script_summary(english:"Checks version number of Opera");
    
      script_set_attribute( attribute:"synopsis", value:
    "The remote host contains a web browser that is affected by multiple
    issues."  );
      script_set_attribute( attribute:"description", value:
    "The version of Opera installed on the remote host is earlier than
    10.01.  Such versions are potential affected by multiple issues :
    
      - Specially crafted domain names can cause a memory 
        corruption in Opera, which may lead to a crash or
        possibly remote code execution. (938)
    
      - Opera may allow scripts to run on the feed subscription
        page, thereby gaining access to the feeds object. (939)
    
      - In some cases, a Web font intended to be used for page 
        content could be incorrectly used by Opera to render 
        parts of the user interface, including the address 
        field. (940)"  );
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/938/"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/939/"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"http://web.archive.org/web/20130225211702/http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/940/"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"see_also",
        value:"http://web.archive.org/web/20170713152027/http://www.opera.com:80/docs/changelogs/windows/1001/"
      );
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"solution",
        value:"Upgrade to Opera 10.01 or later."
      );
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
      script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");
      script_cwe_id(20, 79, 94);
    
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"vuln_publication_date",
        value:"2009/10/28"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"patch_publication_date",
        value:"2009/10/28"
      );
      script_set_attribute(
        attribute:"plugin_publication_date",
        value:"2009/10/28"
      );
     script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:27");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/a:opera:opera_browser");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_family(english:"Windows");
    
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
    
      script_dependencies("opera_installed.nasl");
      script_require_keys("SMB/Opera/Version");
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    include("global_settings.inc");
    
    version_ui = get_kb_item("SMB/Opera/Version_UI");
    version = get_kb_item("SMB/Opera/Version");
    if (isnull(version)) exit(1, "The 'SMB/Opera/Version' KB item is missing.");
    
    ver = split(version, sep:'.', keep:FALSE);
    for (i=0; i<max_index(ver); i++)
      ver[i] = int(ver[i]);
    
    if (ver[0] < 10 ||
      (ver[0] == 10 && ver[1] < 1)
    )
    {
      if (report_verbosity > 0 && version_ui)
      {
        report = string(
          "\n",
          "Opera ", version_ui, " is currently installed on the remote host.\n"
        );
        security_hole(port:get_kb_item("SMB/transport"), extra:report);
      }
      else security_hole(port:get_kb_item("SMB/transport"));
      exit(0);
    }
    exit(0, "The installed version of Opera is not affected.");
    
  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idSUSE_11_1_OPERA-091109.NASL
    descriptionVersion upgrade of Opera to 10.1 to fix : - CVE-2009-3265: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 CVE-2009-3266: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 two XSS attacks via RSS/Atom - CVE-2009-3831: CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 possible remote arbitrary code execution via crafted domain names
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id42461
    published2009-11-11
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/42461
    titleopenSUSE Security Update : opera (opera-1532)
  • NASL familyFreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL idFREEBSD_PKG_2FDA6BD2C53C11DEB157001999392805.NASL
    descriptionOpera Team Reports : - Fixed an issue where certain domain names could allow execution of arbitrary code, as reported by Chris Weber of Casaba Security - Fixed an issue where scripts can run on the feed subscription page, as reported by Inferno
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id42331
    published2009-11-02
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/42331
    titleFreeBSD : opera -- multiple vulnerabilities (2fda6bd2-c53c-11de-b157-001999392805)
  • NASL familySuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL idSUSE_11_0_OPERA-091109.NASL
    descriptionVersion upgrade of Opera to 10.1 to fix : - CVE-2009-3265: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 CVE-2009-3266: CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 two XSS attacks via RSS/Atom - CVE-2009-3831: CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 possible remote arbitrary code execution via crafted domain names
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id42458
    published2009-11-11
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/42458
    titleopenSUSE Security Update : opera (opera-1532)
  • NASL familyGentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL idGENTOO_GLSA-201206-03.NASL
    descriptionThe remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201206-03 (Opera: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Opera. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could entice a user to open a specially crafted web page, possibly resulting in execution of arbitrary code with the privileges of the process or a Denial of Service condition. A remote attacker may be able to: trick users into downloading and executing arbitrary files, bypass intended access restrictions, spoof trusted content, spoof URLs, bypass the Same Origin Policy, obtain sensitive information, force subscriptions to arbitrary feeds, bypass the popup blocker, bypass CSS filtering, conduct cross-site scripting attacks, or have other unknown impact. A local attacker could perform symlink attacks to overwrite arbitrary files with the privileges of the user running the application or possibly obtain sensitive information. A physically proximate attacker may be able to access an email account. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id59631
    published2012-06-21
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2012-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/59631
    titleGLSA-201206-03 : Opera: Multiple vulnerabilities

Oval

accepted2013-12-23T04:01:48.695-05:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameNikita MR
    organizationSecPod Technologies
  • nameJosh Turpin
    organizationSymantec Corporation
  • nameMaria Kedovskaya
    organizationALTX-SOFT
definition_extensions
commentOpera Browser is installed
ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:6482
descriptionOpera before 10.01 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption and application crash) via a crafted domain name.
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:6574
statusaccepted
submitted2009-11-24T10:15:45.529
titleMemory corruption error in Opera before 10.01 when processing malformed domain names
version9