Vulnerabilities > CVE-2009-0089 - Improper Input Validation vulnerability in Microsoft products

047910
CVSS 5.8 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
NONE
Integrity impact
PARTIAL
Availability impact
PARTIAL
network
microsoft
CWE-20
nessus

Summary

Windows HTTP Services (aka WinHTTP) in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, and Vista Gold allows remote web servers to impersonate arbitrary https web sites by using DNS spoofing to "forward a connection" to a different https web site that has a valid certificate matching its own domain name, but not a certificate matching the domain name of the host requested by the user, aka "Windows HTTP Services Certificate Name Mismatch Vulnerability."

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Server Side Include (SSI) Injection
    An attacker can use Server Side Include (SSI) Injection to send code to a web application that then gets executed by the web server. Doing so enables the attacker to achieve similar results to Cross Site Scripting, viz., arbitrary code execution and information disclosure, albeit on a more limited scale, since the SSI directives are nowhere near as powerful as a full-fledged scripting language. Nonetheless, the attacker can conveniently gain access to sensitive files, such as password files, and execute shell commands.
  • Cross Zone Scripting
    An attacker is able to cause a victim to load content into their web-browser that bypasses security zone controls and gain access to increased privileges to execute scripting code or other web objects such as unsigned ActiveX controls or applets. This is a privilege elevation attack targeted at zone-based web-browser security. In a zone-based model, pages belong to one of a set of zones corresponding to the level of privilege assigned to that page. Pages in an untrusted zone would have a lesser level of access to the system and/or be restricted in the types of executable content it was allowed to invoke. In a cross-zone scripting attack, a page that should be assigned to a less privileged zone is granted the privileges of a more trusted zone. This can be accomplished by exploiting bugs in the browser, exploiting incorrect configuration in the zone controls, through a cross-site scripting attack that causes the attackers' content to be treated as coming from a more trusted page, or by leveraging some piece of system functionality that is accessible from both the trusted and less trusted zone. This attack differs from "Restful Privilege Escalation" in that the latter correlates to the inadequate securing of RESTful access methods (such as HTTP DELETE) on the server, while cross-zone scripting attacks the concept of security zones as implemented by a browser.
  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.

Msbulletin

bulletin_idMS09-013
bulletin_url
date2009-04-14T00:00:00
impactRemote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id960803
knowledgebase_url
severityCritical
titleVulnerabilities in Windows HTTP Services Could Allow Remote Code Execution

Nessus

  • NASL familyWindows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL idSMB_NT_MS09-013.NASL
    descriptionThe version of Windows HTTP Services installed on the remote host is affected by several vulnerabilities : - An integer underflow triggered by a specially crafted response from a malicious web server (for example, during device discovery of UPnP devices on a network) may allow for arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2009-0086) - Incomplete validation of the distinguished name in a digital certificate may, in combination with other attacks, allow an attacker to successfully spoof the digital certificate of a third-party website. (CVE-2009-0089) - A flaw in the way that Windows HTTP Services handles NTLM credentials may allow an attacker to reflect back a user
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id36151
    published2009-04-15
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/36151
    titleMS09-013: Vulnerabilities in Windows HTTP Services Could Allow Remote Code Execution (960803)
    code
    #
    # (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
    #
    
    
    include("compat.inc");
    
    
    if (description)
    {
      script_id(36151);
      script_version("1.35");
      script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:30");
    
      script_cve_id("CVE-2009-0086", "CVE-2009-0089", "CVE-2009-0550");
      script_bugtraq_id(34435, 34437, 34439);
      script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS09-013");
      script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"960803");
      script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2009-A-0034");
    
      script_name(english:"MS09-013: Vulnerabilities in Windows HTTP Services Could Allow Remote Code Execution (960803)");
      script_summary(english:"Checks version of Winhttp.dll");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
    "The remote host contains an API that is affected by multiple
    vulnerabilities.");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
    "The version of Windows HTTP Services installed on the remote host is
    affected by several vulnerabilities :
    
      - An integer underflow triggered by a specially crafted
        response from a malicious web server (for example,
        during device discovery of UPnP devices on a network)
        may allow for arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2009-0086)
    
      - Incomplete validation of the distinguished name in a
        digital certificate may, in combination with other
        attacks, allow an attacker to successfully spoof the
        digital certificate of a third-party website.
        (CVE-2009-0089)
    
      - A flaw in the way that Windows HTTP Services handles
        NTLM credentials may allow an attacker to reflect back
        a user's credentials and thereby gain access as that
        user. (CVE-2009-0550)");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityBulletins/2009/ms09-013");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
    "Microsoft has released a set of patches for Windows 2000, XP, 2003,
    Vista and 2008.");
      script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
      script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
      script_cwe_id(20, 189);
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2009/04/14");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2009/04/14");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2009/04/15");
    
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
      script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
      script_end_attributes();
    
      script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
      script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");
    
      script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
    
      script_dependencies("smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
      script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
      script_require_ports(139, 445, 'Host/patch_management_checks');
    
      exit(0);
    }
    
    
    include("audit.inc");
    include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
    include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
    include("smb_func.inc");
    include("misc_func.inc");
    
    
    get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
    
    bulletin = 'MS09-013';
    kb = "960803";
    
    kbs = make_list(kb);
    if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);
    
    get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
    get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);
    
    if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win2k:'4,5', xp:'2,3', vista:'0,1') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);
    
    rootfile = hotfix_get_systemroot();
    if (!rootfile) exit(1, "Failed to get the system root.");
    
    share = hotfix_path2share(path:rootfile);
    if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);
    
    vuln = 0;
    
    if (
      # Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"6.0.6001.22323", min_version:"6.0.6001.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"6.0.6001.18178", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"6.0.6000.20971", min_version:"6.0.6000.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"6.0.6000.16786", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
    
      # Windows XP
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:3, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"5.1.2600.5727", dir:"\System32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:2, file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"5.1.2600.3494", dir:"\System32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
    
      # Windows 2000
      hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.0", file:"Winhttp.dll", version:"5.1.2600.3490", dir:"\System32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb)
    ) vuln++;
    
    hotfix_check_fversion_end();
    
    if (hotfix_check_sp(win2003:3) > 0)
    {
      if (hotfix_check_sp(win2003:2) > 0)
        fixed_version = '5.2.3790.3262'; # fix for SP1 (and earlier)
      else
        fixed_version = '5.2.3790.4427'; # fix for SP2
    
      login   =  kb_smb_login();
      pass    =  kb_smb_password();
      domain  =  kb_smb_domain();
      port    =  kb_smb_transport();
    
      if(! smb_session_init()) audit(AUDIT_FN_FAIL, "smb_session_init");
    
      r = NetUseAdd(login:login, password:pass, domain:domain, share:share);
      if ( r != 1 ) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);
    
      winsxs = ereg_replace(pattern:"^[A-Za-z]:(.*)", replace:"\1\WinSxS", string:rootfile);
      files = list_dir(basedir:winsxs, level:0, dir_pat:"microsoft.windows.winhttp", file_pat:"^winhttp\.dll$");
    
      vuln += hotfix_check_winsxs(os:'5.2', sp:1, files:files, versions:make_list('5.2.3790.3262'), bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb);
      vuln += hotfix_check_winsxs(os:'5.2', sp:2, files:files, versions:make_list('5.2.3790.4427'), bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb);
    
      NetUseDel();
    }
    
    
    if (vuln)
    {
      set_kb_item(name:"SMB/Missing/"+bulletin, value:TRUE);
      hotfix_security_hole();
      exit(0);
    }
    else
    {
      audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, 'affected');
    }
    
  • NASL familyWindows
    NASL idWIN_SERVER_2008_NTLM_PCI.NASL
    descriptionAccording to the version number obtained by NTLM the remote host has Windows Server 2008 installed. The host may be vulnerable to a number of vulnerabilities including remote unauthenticated code execution.
    last seen2020-06-01
    modified2020-06-02
    plugin id108811
    published2018-04-03
    reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2019 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
    sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/108811
    titleWindows Server 2008 Critical RCE Vulnerabilities (uncredentialed) (PCI/DSS)

Oval

accepted2013-04-29T04:17:38.036-04:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameKyle Key
    organizationGideon Technologies, Inc.
  • nameBrendan Miles
    organizationThe MITRE Corporation
  • nameMike Lah
    organizationThe MITRE Corporation
  • nameShane Shaffer
    organizationG2, Inc.
definition_extensions
  • commentMicrosoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP SP1 (64-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:480
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:565
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4386
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 for Itanium is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1205
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
descriptionWindows HTTP Services (aka WinHTTP) in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, and Vista Gold allows remote web servers to impersonate arbitrary https web sites by using DNS spoofing to "forward a connection" to a different https web site that has a valid certificate matching its own domain name, but not a certificate matching the domain name of the host requested by the user, aka "Windows HTTP Services Certificate Name Mismatch Vulnerability."
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:6027
statusaccepted
submitted2009-04-14T16:00:00
titleWindows HTTP Services Certificate Name Mismatch Vulnerability
version77

Seebug

bulletinFamilyexploit
descriptionBUGTRAQ ID: 34437 CVE(CAN) ID: CVE-2009-0089 Microsoft Windows是微软发布的非常流行的操作系统。 当应用程序调用Windows HTTP服务与远程Web服务器创建连接时,WinHTTP仅对主机试图连接的原始站点的证书验证URL是否为完全合格的域名,特定的DNS欺骗攻击可能将连接转发到拥有该特定主机有效证书但不是WinHTTP初始化连接所到页面有效证书的不同Web服务器上,这可能导致WinHTTP错误的认为远程 Web服务器的证书为可接受。由于WinHTTP的用户交互依赖于应用程序,因此用户可能不会得到上述差异的警告。 Microsoft Windows XP x64 SP2 Microsoft Windows XP x64 Microsoft Windows XP SP3 Microsoft Windows XP SP2 Microsoft Windows Vista Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 Microsoft Windows 2000SP4 Microsoft --------- Microsoft已经为此发布了一个安全公告(MS09-013)以及相应补丁: MS09-013:Vulnerabilities in Windows HTTP Services Could Allow Remote Code Execution (960803) 链接:<a href=http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS09-013.mspx?pf=true target=_blank rel=external nofollow>http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS09-013.mspx?pf=true</a>
idSSV:5054
last seen2017-11-19
modified2009-04-16
published2009-04-16
reporterRoot
titleMicrosoft WinHTTP服务证书验证漏洞(MS09-013)