Vulnerabilities > CVE-2009-0081 - Improper Input Validation vulnerability in Microsoft products

047910
CVSS 9.3 - CRITICAL
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
COMPLETE
Integrity impact
COMPLETE
Availability impact
COMPLETE
network
microsoft
CWE-20
critical
nessus

Summary

The graphics device interface (GDI) implementation in the kernel in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 does not properly validate input received from user mode, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted (1) Windows Metafile (aka WMF) or (2) Enhanced Metafile (aka EMF) image file, aka "Windows Kernel Input Validation Vulnerability."

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Server Side Include (SSI) Injection
    An attacker can use Server Side Include (SSI) Injection to send code to a web application that then gets executed by the web server. Doing so enables the attacker to achieve similar results to Cross Site Scripting, viz., arbitrary code execution and information disclosure, albeit on a more limited scale, since the SSI directives are nowhere near as powerful as a full-fledged scripting language. Nonetheless, the attacker can conveniently gain access to sensitive files, such as password files, and execute shell commands.
  • Cross Zone Scripting
    An attacker is able to cause a victim to load content into their web-browser that bypasses security zone controls and gain access to increased privileges to execute scripting code or other web objects such as unsigned ActiveX controls or applets. This is a privilege elevation attack targeted at zone-based web-browser security. In a zone-based model, pages belong to one of a set of zones corresponding to the level of privilege assigned to that page. Pages in an untrusted zone would have a lesser level of access to the system and/or be restricted in the types of executable content it was allowed to invoke. In a cross-zone scripting attack, a page that should be assigned to a less privileged zone is granted the privileges of a more trusted zone. This can be accomplished by exploiting bugs in the browser, exploiting incorrect configuration in the zone controls, through a cross-site scripting attack that causes the attackers' content to be treated as coming from a more trusted page, or by leveraging some piece of system functionality that is accessible from both the trusted and less trusted zone. This attack differs from "Restful Privilege Escalation" in that the latter correlates to the inadequate securing of RESTful access methods (such as HTTP DELETE) on the server, while cross-zone scripting attacks the concept of security zones as implemented by a browser.
  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.

Msbulletin

bulletin_idMS09-006
bulletin_url
date2009-03-10T00:00:00
impactRemote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id958690
knowledgebase_url
severityCritical
titleVulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Remote Code Execution

Nessus

NASL familyWindows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL idSMB_NT_MS09-006.NASL
descriptionThe remote host contains a version of the Windows kernel that is affected by vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists due to improper validation of input passed from user mode through the kernel component of GDI. Successful exploitation requires that a user on the affected host view a specially crafted EMF or WMF image file, perhaps by being tricked into visiting a malicious website, and could lead to a complete system compromise. (CVE-2009-0081) - A local privilege escalation vulnerability exists due to the way the kernel validates handles. (CVE-2009-0082) - A local privilege escalation vulnerability exists due to improper handling of a specially crafted invalid pointer. (CVE-2009-0083)
last seen2020-06-01
modified2020-06-02
plugin id35822
published2009-03-11
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/35822
titleMS09-006: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Remote Code Execution (958690)
code
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
  script_id(35822);
  script_version("1.26");
  script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:30");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2009-0081", "CVE-2009-0082", "CVE-2009-0083");
  script_bugtraq_id(34012, 34025, 34027);
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS09-006");
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"958690");

  script_name(english:"MS09-006: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Remote Code Execution (958690)");
  script_summary(english:"Determines the presence of update 958690");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:"It is possible to execute arbitrary code on the remote host.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote host contains a version of the Windows kernel that is
affected by vulnerabilities :

  - A remote code execution vulnerability exists due to
    improper validation of input passed from user mode
    through the kernel component of GDI. Successful
    exploitation requires that a user on the affected host
    view a specially crafted EMF or WMF image file, perhaps
    by being tricked into visiting a malicious website,
    and could lead to a complete system compromise.
    (CVE-2009-0081)

  - A local privilege escalation vulnerability exists due to
    the way the kernel validates handles. (CVE-2009-0082)

  - A local privilege escalation vulnerability exists due to
    improper handling of a specially crafted invalid pointer.
    (CVE-2009-0083)");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityBulletins/2009/ms09-006");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Microsoft has released a set of patches for Windows 2000, XP, 2003,
Vista and 2008.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
  script_cwe_id(20);

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2009/03/10");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2009/03/10");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2009/03/11");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");

  script_dependencies("smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
  script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
  script_require_ports(139, 445, 'Host/patch_management_checks');

  exit(0);
}


include("audit.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
include("smb_func.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");

bulletin = 'MS09-006';
kb = "958690";

kbs = make_list(kb);
if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);


get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win2k:'4,5', xp:'2,3', win2003:'1,2', vista:'0,1') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

rootfile = hotfix_get_systemroot();
if (!rootfile) exit(1, "Failed to get the system root.");

share = hotfix_path2share(path:rootfile);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  # Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6001.22372", min_version:"6.0.6001.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6001.18211", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6000.21006", min_version:"6.0.6000.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6000.16816", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  # Windows 2003
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:2, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.2.3790.4456", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.2.3790.3291", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  # Windows XP
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:3, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.1.2600.5756", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:2, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.1.2600.3521", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  # Windows 2000
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.0", file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.0.2195.7251", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb)
)
{
  set_kb_item(name:"SMB/Missing/"+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, 'affected');
}

Oval

accepted2014-03-03T04:01:13.877-05:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameDragos Prisaca
    organizationGideon Technologies, Inc.
  • namePradeep R B
    organizationSecPod Technologies
  • nameMaria Mikhno
    organizationALTX-SOFT
definition_extensions
  • commentMicrosoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:565
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4386
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition SP1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:720
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 for Itanium is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1205
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5254
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
descriptionThe graphics device interface (GDI) implementation in the kernel in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 does not properly validate input received from user mode, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted (1) Windows Metafile (aka WMF) or (2) Enhanced Metafile (aka EMF) image file, aka "Windows Kernel Input Validation Vulnerability."
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:6202
statusaccepted
submitted2009-03-10T16:00:00
titleWindows Kernel Input Validation Vulnerability
version75