Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-3465 - Improper Restriction of Operations Within the Bounds of A Memory Buffer vulnerability in Microsoft products

047910
CVSS 9.3 - CRITICAL
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
COMPLETE
Integrity impact
COMPLETE
Availability impact
COMPLETE
network
microsoft
CWE-119
critical
nessus

Summary

Heap-based buffer overflow in an API in GDI in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code via a WMF file with a malformed file-size parameter, which would not be properly handled by a third-party application that uses this API for a copy operation, aka "GDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability."

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.

Msbulletin

bulletin_idMS08-071
bulletin_url
date2008-12-09T00:00:00
impactRemote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id956802
knowledgebase_url
severityCritical
titleVulnerabilities in GDI Could Allow Remote Code Execution

Nessus

NASL familyWindows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL idSMB_NT_MS08-071.NASL
descriptionThe remote host is running a version of Windows that is affected by multiple buffer oveflow vulnerabilities when viewing WMF files, that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the remote host. To exploit this flaw, an attacker would need to send a malformed WMF file to a user on the remote host and wait for him to open it using an affected Microsoft application.
last seen2020-06-01
modified2020-06-02
plugin id35070
published2008-12-10
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/35070
titleMS08-071: Vulnerabilities in GDI+ Could Allow Remote Code Execution (956802)
code
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
 script_id(35070);
 script_version("1.30");
 script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:30");

 script_cve_id("CVE-2008-2249", "CVE-2008-3465");
 script_bugtraq_id(32634, 32637);
 script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS08-071");
 script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"956802");

 script_name(english:"MS08-071: Vulnerabilities in GDI+ Could Allow Remote Code Execution (956802)");
 script_summary(english:"Determines the presence of update 956802");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"Arbitrary code can be executed on the remote host through the Microsoft
GDI rendering engine.");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote host is running a version of Windows that is affected by
multiple buffer oveflow vulnerabilities when viewing WMF files, that
could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the remote host.

To exploit this flaw, an attacker would need to send a malformed WMF
file to a user on the remote host and wait for him to open it using an
affected Microsoft application.");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityBulletins/2008/ms08-071");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Microsoft has released a set of patches for Windows 2000, XP, 2003,
Vista and 2008.");
 script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
 script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");
 script_cwe_id(119, 189);

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2008/12/09");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2008/12/09");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2008/12/10");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
 script_end_attributes();

 script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);

 script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
 script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

 script_dependencies("smb_hotfixes.nasl", "mssql_version.nasl", "smb_nt_ms02-031.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
 script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
 script_require_ports(139, 445, 'Host/patch_management_checks');
 exit(0);
}

include("audit.inc");
include("smb_func.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");

bulletin = 'MS08-071';
kb = '956802';

kbs = make_list(kb);
if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win2k:'4,5', xp:'2,3', win2003:'1,2', vista:'0,1') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

rootfile = hotfix_get_systemroot();
if (!rootfile) exit(1, "Failed to get the system root.");

share = hotfix_path2share(path:rootfile);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

# Windows 2000, XP, 2003, Vista, 2008 and IE 6
if (
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6002.20609", min_version:"6.0.6002.0",dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6001.18159", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6000.16766", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:1, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"5.2.3790.3233", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:2, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"5.2.3790.4396", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:2, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"5.1.2600.3466", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:3, file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"5.1.2600.5698", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.0", file:"Gdi32.dll", version:"5.0.2195.7205", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb)
)
{
  set_kb_item(name:"SMB/Missing/"+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, 'affected');
}

Oval

accepted2011-11-21T04:13:14.246-05:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameSudhir Gandhe
    organizationSecure Elements, Inc.
  • namePrashanth A.
    organizationSecPod Technologies
definition_extensions
  • commentMicrosoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4386
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition SP1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:720
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:565
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 for Itanium is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1205
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5254
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
descriptionHeap-based buffer overflow in an API in GDI in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code via a WMF file with a malformed file-size parameter, which would not be properly handled by a third-party application that uses this API for a copy operation, aka "GDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability."
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:6062
statusaccepted
submitted2008-12-09T13:31:00
titleGDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability
version73

Seebug

bulletinFamilyexploit
descriptionBUGTRAQ ID: 32637 CVE(CAN) ID: CVE-2008-3465 Windows是微软发布的非常流行的操作系统。 Windows的GDI处理WMF文件中文件大小参数的方式中存在一个堆溢出漏洞。如果第三方应用程序使用特定的Microsoft API复制特制的WMF图像文件,就可以触发这个溢出,但成功利用这个漏洞最可能的结果是拒绝服务。 Microsoft Windows XP SP3 Microsoft Windows XP SP2 Microsoft Windows Vista SP1 Microsoft Windows Vista Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 Microsoft Windows 2000SP4 临时解决方法: * 通过修改注册表禁用元文件处理 1. 单击“开始”,单击“运行”,在“打开”框中键入Regedit,然后单击“确定”。 2. 找到并单击下列注册表子项: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\GRE_Initialize 3. 在“编辑”菜单上,指向“新建”,然后单击“DWORD”。 4. 键入DisableMetaFiles,然后按回车。 5. 在“编辑”菜单上,单击“修改”以修改DisableMetaFiles注册表项。 6. 在“数值数据”框中键入1,然后单击“确定”。 7. 退出注册表编辑器。 8. 重新启动计算机。 厂商补丁: Microsoft --------- Microsoft已经为此发布了一个安全公告(MS08-071)以及相应补丁: MS08-071:Vulnerabilities in GDI Could Allow Remote Code Execution (956802) 链接:<a href=http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/Bulletin/ms08-071.mspx?pf=true target=_blank>http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/Bulletin/ms08-071.mspx?pf=true</a>
idSSV:4549
last seen2017-11-19
modified2008-12-11
published2008-12-11
reporterRoot
titleMicrosoft Windows GDI文件大小参数堆溢出漏洞(MS08-071)