Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-2250 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls vulnerability in Microsoft products

047910
CVSS 7.2 - HIGH
Attack vector
LOCAL
Attack complexity
LOW
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
COMPLETE
Integrity impact
COMPLETE
Availability impact
COMPLETE
local
low complexity
microsoft
CWE-264
nessus

Summary

The kernel in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 does not properly validate window properties sent from a parent window to a child window during creation of a new window, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Kernel Window Creation Vulnerability."

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.

Nessus

NASL familyWindows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL idSMB_NT_MS08-061.NASL
descriptionThe remote host contains a version of the Windows kernel that is vulnerable to a security flaw that could allow a local user to elevate his privileges or to crash it (therefore causing a denial of service).
last seen2020-06-01
modified2020-06-02
plugin id34406
published2008-10-15
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/34406
titleMS08-061: Microsoft Windows Kernel Multiple Privilege Elevation (954211)
code
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
 script_id(34406);
 script_version("1.26");
 script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:30");

 script_cve_id("CVE-2008-2250", "CVE-2008-2251", "CVE-2008-2252");
 script_bugtraq_id(31651, 31652, 31653);
 script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS08-061");
 script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"954211");

 script_name(english:"MS08-061: Microsoft Windows Kernel Multiple Privilege Elevation (954211)");
 script_summary(english:"Make sure update 954211 has been installed on the remote host");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:"A local user can elevate his privileges on the remote host.");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote host contains a version of the Windows kernel that is
vulnerable to a security flaw that could allow a local user to elevate
his privileges or to crash it (therefore causing a denial of service).");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityBulletins/2008/ms08-061");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Microsoft has released a set of patches for Windows 2000, XP, 2003,
Vista, 2008.");
 script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
 script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");
 script_cwe_id(264, 399);

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2008/10/14");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2008/10/14");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2008/10/15");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
 script_end_attributes();

 script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);

 script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
 script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

 script_dependencies("smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
 script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
 script_require_ports(139, 445, 'Host/patch_management_checks');
 exit(0);
}

include("audit.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
include("smb_func.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");

bulletin = 'MS08-061';
kb = '954211';

kbs = make_list(kb);
if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);


get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win2k:'4,5', xp:'2,3', win2003:'1,2', vista:'0,1') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

rootfile = hotfix_get_systemroot();
if (!rootfile) exit(1, "Failed to get the system root.");

share = hotfix_path2share(path:rootfile);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6001.22265", min_version:"6.0.6001.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6001.18141", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6000.20917", min_version:"6.0.6000.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"6.0.6000.16750", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:2, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.2.3790.4375", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:1, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.2.3790.3212", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:2, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.1.2600.3446", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:3, file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.1.2600.5676", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.0", file:"Win32k.sys", version:"5.0.2195.7194", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb)
)
{
  set_kb_item(name:"SMB/Missing/"+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, 'affected');
}

Oval

accepted2011-11-14T04:00:51.030-05:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameSudhir Gandhe
    organizationSecure Elements, Inc.
  • nameChandan S
    organizationSecPod Technologies
definition_extensions
  • commentMicrosoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:565
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 for Itanium is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1205
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4386
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition SP1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:720
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5254
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
descriptionThe kernel in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 does not properly validate window properties sent from a parent window to a child window during creation of a new window, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Kernel Window Creation Vulnerability."
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:5902
statusaccepted
submitted2008-10-14T13:33:00
titleWindows Kernel Window Creation Vulnerability
version72

Seebug

bulletinFamilyexploit
descriptionBUGTRAQ ID: 31651,31652,31653 CVE(CAN) ID: CVE-2008-2250,CVE-2008-2252,CVE-2008-2251 Microsoft Windows是微软发布的非常流行的操作系统。 Windows内核未正确验证新窗口创建过程中所传递的窗口属性,未正确验证某些用户态输出,或可能处于双重释放的状态。成功利用此漏洞的攻击者可以运行任意内核态代码。攻击者可随后安装程序;查看、更改或删除数据;或者创建拥有完全用户权限的新帐户。 以下是双重释放漏洞的代码段:<pre>// Attacker controls lParam void win32k_entry_point(...) { […] // lParam has already passed successfully the ProbeForRead my_struct = (PMY_STRUCT)lParam; if (my_struct -&gt;lpData) { cbCapture = sizeof(MY_STRUCT) + my_struct-&gt;cbData; // [1] first fetch […] // my_struct -&gt;lpData has already passed successfully the ProbeForRead […] if ( my_allocation = UserAllocPoolWithQuota(cbCapture, TAG_SMS_CAPTURE)) != NULL) { RtlCopyMemory(my_allocation, my_struct-&gt;lpData, my_struct-&gt;cbData); // [2] second fetch } } […] }</pre>在上面的代码中,两次取了相同的用户态数据([1]和[2])。由于内核无法保证这两次取值都拥有相同的值,在[1]可能出现较小的内存分配而之后在[2]内核拷贝了较长的数据,导致内存池溢出。 Microsoft Windows XP SP3 Microsoft Windows XP SP2 Microsoft Windows Vista SP1 Microsoft Windows Vista Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 Microsoft Windows 2000SP4 Microsoft --------- Microsoft已经为此发布了一个安全公告(MS08-061)以及相应补丁: MS08-061:Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (954211) 链接:<a href=http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/Bulletin/MS08-061.mspx?pf=true target=_blank>http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/Bulletin/MS08-061.mspx?pf=true</a>
idSSV:4248
last seen2017-11-19
modified2008-10-16
published2008-10-16
reporterRoot
titleMicrosoft Windows多个内核权限提升漏洞(MS08-061)