Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-2061 - Improper Input Validation vulnerability in Cisco Unified Communications Manager

047910
CVSS 7.8 - HIGH
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
LOW
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
NONE
Integrity impact
NONE
Availability impact
COMPLETE
network
low complexity
cisco
CWE-20

Summary

The Computer Telephony Integration (CTI) Manager service in Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) 5.x before 5.1(3c) and 6.x before 6.1(2) allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (TSP crash) via malformed network traffic to TCP port 2748.

Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Server Side Include (SSI) Injection
    An attacker can use Server Side Include (SSI) Injection to send code to a web application that then gets executed by the web server. Doing so enables the attacker to achieve similar results to Cross Site Scripting, viz., arbitrary code execution and information disclosure, albeit on a more limited scale, since the SSI directives are nowhere near as powerful as a full-fledged scripting language. Nonetheless, the attacker can conveniently gain access to sensitive files, such as password files, and execute shell commands.
  • Cross Zone Scripting
    An attacker is able to cause a victim to load content into their web-browser that bypasses security zone controls and gain access to increased privileges to execute scripting code or other web objects such as unsigned ActiveX controls or applets. This is a privilege elevation attack targeted at zone-based web-browser security. In a zone-based model, pages belong to one of a set of zones corresponding to the level of privilege assigned to that page. Pages in an untrusted zone would have a lesser level of access to the system and/or be restricted in the types of executable content it was allowed to invoke. In a cross-zone scripting attack, a page that should be assigned to a less privileged zone is granted the privileges of a more trusted zone. This can be accomplished by exploiting bugs in the browser, exploiting incorrect configuration in the zone controls, through a cross-site scripting attack that causes the attackers' content to be treated as coming from a more trusted page, or by leveraging some piece of system functionality that is accessible from both the trusted and less trusted zone. This attack differs from "Restful Privilege Escalation" in that the latter correlates to the inadequate securing of RESTful access methods (such as HTTP DELETE) on the server, while cross-zone scripting attacks the concept of security zones as implemented by a browser.
  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.

Seebug

bulletinFamilyexploit
descriptionBUGTRAQ ID: 29933 CVE(CAN) ID: CVE-2008-2061 Cisco Unified Communications Manager(CUCM,之前被称为CallManager)是Cisco IP电话解决方案中的呼叫处理组件。 CUCM的计算机电话集成(CTI)管理器服务在处理畸形输入时存在拒绝服务漏洞,远程攻击者可以通过向默认的TCP 2748监听端口发送恶意报文导致语音服务中断。 Cisco Unified Communications Manager 6.x Cisco Unified Communications Manager 5.x 临时解决方法: * 仅允许来自包含有运行启用了CTI应用的网络对TCP 2748端口的访问。 厂商补丁: Cisco ----- Cisco已经为此发布了一个安全公告(cisco-sa-20080625-cucm)以及相应补丁: cisco-sa-20080625-cucm:Cisco Unified Communications Manager Denial of Service and Authentication Bypass Vulnerabilities 链接:<a href=http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080625-cucm.shtml target=_blank>http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080625-cucm.shtml</a> 补丁下载: <a href=http://tools.cisco.com/support/downloads/go/ReleaseType.x?optPlat=null&amp;isPlatform=Y&amp;mdfid=280735907&amp;sftType=Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Updates&amp;treeName=Voice%20and%20Unified%20Communications&amp;modelName=Cisco%20Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Version%205.1&amp;mdfLevel=Software%20Version/Option&amp;treeMdfId=278875240&amp;modifmdfid=null&amp;imname=null&amp;hybrid=Y&amp;imst=N target=_blank>http://tools.cisco.com/support/downloads/go/ReleaseType.x?optPlat=null&amp;isPlatform=Y&amp;mdfid=280735907&amp;sftType=Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Updates&amp;treeName=Voice%20and%20Unified%20Communications&amp;modelName=Cisco%20Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Version%205.1&amp;mdfLevel=Software%20Version/Option&amp;treeMdfId=278875240&amp;modifmdfid=null&amp;imname=null&amp;hybrid=Y&amp;imst=N</a> <a href=http://tools.cisco.com/support/downloads/go/PlatformList.x?sftType=Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Updates&amp;mdfid=281023410&amp;treeName=Voice%20and%20Unified%20Communications&amp;mdfLevel=Software%20Version/Option&amp;url=null&amp;modelName=Cisco%20Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Version%206.1&amp;isPlatform=N&amp;treeMdfId=278875240&amp;modifmdfid=null&amp;imname=null&amp;hybrid=Y&amp;imst=N target=_blank>http://tools.cisco.com/support/downloads/go/PlatformList.x?sftType=Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Updates&amp;mdfid=281023410&amp;treeName=Voice%20and%20Unified%20Communications&amp;mdfLevel=Software%20Version/Option&amp;url=null&amp;modelName=Cisco%20Unified%20Communications%20Manager%20Version%206.1&amp;isPlatform=N&amp;treeMdfId=278875240&amp;modifmdfid=null&amp;imname=null&amp;hybrid=Y&amp;imst=N</a>
idSSV:3482
last seen2017-11-19
modified2008-06-28
published2008-06-28
reporterRoot
titleCisco Unified Communications Manager CTI服务拒绝服务漏洞