Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-1083 - Improper Restriction of Operations Within the Bounds of A Memory Buffer vulnerability in Microsoft products

047910
CVSS 9.3 - CRITICAL
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
MEDIUM
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
COMPLETE
Integrity impact
COMPLETE
Availability impact
COMPLETE
network
microsoft
CWE-119
critical
nessus
exploit available

Summary

Heap-based buffer overflow in the CreateDIBPatternBrushPt function in GDI in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista, and Server 2008 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via an EMF or WMF image file with a malformed header that triggers an integer overflow, aka "GDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability."

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.

Exploit-Db

  • descriptionMicrsoft Windows GDI (CreateDIBPatternBrushPt) Heap Overflow PoC. CVE-2008-1083. Dos exploit for windows platform
    fileexploits/windows/dos/6330.txt
    idEDB-ID:6330
    last seen2016-01-31
    modified2008-08-29
    platformwindows
    port
    published2008-08-29
    reporterAc!dDrop
    sourcehttps://www.exploit-db.com/download/6330/
    titleMicrsoft Windows GDI - CreateDIBPatternBrushPt Heap Overflow PoC
    typedos
  • descriptionMS Windows GDI (EMR_COLORMATCHTOTARGETW) Exploit MS08-021. CVE-2008-1083,CVE-2008-1087. Remote exploit for windows platform
    fileexploits/windows/remote/6656.txt
    idEDB-ID:6656
    last seen2016-02-01
    modified2008-10-02
    platformwindows
    port
    published2008-10-02
    reporterAc!dDrop
    sourcehttps://www.exploit-db.com/download/6656/
    titleMicrosoft Windows GDI - EMR_COLORMATCHTOTARGETW Exploit MS08-021
    typeremote
  • descriptionMS Windows GDI Image Parsing Stack Overflow Exploit (MS08-021). CVE-2008-1083,CVE-2008-1087. Local exploit for windows platform
    fileexploits/windows/local/5442.cpp
    idEDB-ID:5442
    last seen2016-01-31
    modified2008-04-14
    platformwindows
    port
    published2008-04-14
    reporterLamhtz
    sourcehttps://www.exploit-db.com/download/5442/
    titleMicrosoft Windows GDI - Image Parsing Stack Overflow Exploit MS08-021
    typelocal

Nessus

NASL familyWindows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL idSMB_NT_MS08-021.NASL
descriptionThe remote host contains a version of Microsoft Windows that is missing a critical security update that fixes several vulnerabilities in the Graphic Rendering Engine, and in the way Windows handles Metafiles. An attacker may exploit these flaws to execute arbitrary code on the remote host. To exploit this flaw, an attacker would need to send a specially crafted image to a user on the remote host, or lure him into visiting a rogue website containing such a file.
last seen2020-06-01
modified2020-06-02
plugin id31794
published2008-04-08
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/31794
titleMS08-021: Vulnerabilities in GDI Could Allow Remote Code Execution (948590)
code
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
 script_id(31794);
 script_version("1.31");
 script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:30");

 script_cve_id("CVE-2008-1083", "CVE-2008-1087");
 script_bugtraq_id(28570, 28571);
 script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS08-021");
 script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"948590");

 script_name(english:"MS08-021: Vulnerabilities in GDI Could Allow Remote Code Execution (948590)");
 script_summary(english:"Determines the presence of update 948590");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"Arbitrary code can be executed on the remote host by sending a
malformed file to a victim.");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote host contains a version of Microsoft Windows that is missing
a critical security update that fixes several vulnerabilities in the
Graphic Rendering Engine, and in the way Windows handles Metafiles.

An attacker may exploit these flaws to execute arbitrary code on the
remote host.  To exploit this flaw, an attacker would need to send a
specially crafted image to a user on the remote host, or lure him into
visiting a rogue website containing such a file.");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityBulletins/2008/ms08-021");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Microsoft has released a set of patches for Windows 2000, XP, 2003 and
Vista.");
 script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
 script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");
 script_cwe_id(119);

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2008/04/08");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2008/04/08");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2008/04/08");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
 script_end_attributes();

 script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);

 script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
 script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

 script_dependencies("smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
 script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
 script_require_ports(139, 445, 'Host/patch_management_checks');
 exit(0);
}


include("audit.inc");
include("smb_func.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");

bulletin = 'MS08-021';
kb = '948590';

kbs = make_list(kb);
if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win2k:'4,5', xp:'2', win2003:'1,2', vista:'0,1') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

rootfile = hotfix_get_systemroot();
if (!rootfile) exit(1, "Failed to get the system root.");

share = hotfix_path2share(path:rootfile);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6000.20777", min_version:"6.0.6000.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6001.22120", min_version:"6.0.6001.20000", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:0, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6000.16643", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"6.0", sp:1, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"6.0.6001.18023", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:1, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"5.2.3790.3091", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||
  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.2", sp:2, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"5.2.3790.4237", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.1", sp:2, file:"gdi32.dll", version:"5.1.2600.3316", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb) ||

  hotfix_is_vulnerable(os:"5.0",       file:"gdi32.dll", version:"5.0.2195.7153", dir:"\system32", bulletin:bulletin, kb:kb)
)
{
  set_kb_item(name:"SMB/Missing/"+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, 'affected');
}

Oval

accepted2011-11-14T04:00:32.001-05:00
classvulnerability
contributors
  • nameSudhir Gandhe
    organizationSecure Elements, Inc.
  • nameChandan S
    organizationSecPod Technologies
definition_extensions
  • commentMicrosoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition SP1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:720
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:565
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4386
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP1 for Itanium is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1205
  • commentMicrosoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • commentMicrosoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    ovaloval:org.mitre.oval:def:5254
descriptionHeap-based buffer overflow in the CreateDIBPatternBrushPt function in GDI in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista, and Server 2008 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via an EMF or WMF image file with a malformed header that triggers an integer overflow, aka "GDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability."
familywindows
idoval:org.mitre.oval:def:5441
statusaccepted
submitted2008-04-08T16:04:00
titleGDI Heap Overflow Vulnerability
version74

Seebug

bulletinFamilyexploit
descriptionNo description provided by source.
idSSV:9385
last seen2017-11-19
modified2008-08-30
published2008-08-30
reporterRoot
sourcehttps://www.seebug.org/vuldb/ssvid-9385
titleMicrsoft Windows GDI (CreateDIBPatternBrushPt) Heap Overflow PoC