Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-1000 - Path Traversal vulnerability in Apple mac OS X and mac OS X Server

Attack vector
Attack complexity
Privileges required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
exploit available


Directory traversal vulnerability in in the Wiki Server in Apple Mac OS X 10.5.2 (aka Leopard) allows remote authenticated users to write arbitrary files via ".." sequences in file attachments.

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Relative Path Traversal
    An attacker exploits a weakness in input validation on the target by supplying a specially constructed path utilizing dot and slash characters for the purpose of obtaining access to arbitrary files or resources. An attacker modifies a known path on the target in order to reach material that is not available through intended channels. These attacks normally involve adding additional path separators (/ or \) and/or dots (.), or encodings thereof, in various combinations in order to reach parent directories or entirely separate trees of the target's directory structure.
  • Directory Traversal
    An attacker with access to file system resources, either directly or via application logic, will use various file path specification or navigation mechanisms such as ".." in path strings and absolute paths to extend their range of access to inappropriate areas of the file system. The attacker attempts to either explore the file system for recon purposes or access directories and files that are intended to be restricted from their access. Exploring the file system can be achieved through constructing paths presented to directory listing programs, such as "ls" and 'dir', or through specially crafted programs that attempt to explore the file system. The attacker engaging in this type of activity is searching for information that can be used later in a more exploitive attack. Access to restricted directories or files can be achieved through modification of path references utilized by system applications.
  • File System Function Injection, Content Based
    An attack of this type exploits the host's trust in executing remote content including binary files. The files are poisoned with a malicious payload (targeting the file systems accessible by the target software) by the attacker and may be passed through standard channels such as via email, and standard web content like PDF and multimedia files. The attacker exploits known vulnerabilities or handling routines in the target processes. Vulnerabilities of this type have been found in a wide variety of commercial applications from Microsoft Office to Adobe Acrobat and Apple Safari web browser. When the attacker knows the standard handling routines and can identify vulnerabilities and entry points they can be exploited by otherwise seemingly normal content. Once the attack is executed, the attackers' program can access relative directories such as C:\Program Files or other standard system directories to launch further attacks. In a worst case scenario, these programs are combined with other propagation logic and work as a virus.
  • Using Slashes and URL Encoding Combined to Bypass Validation Logic
    This attack targets the encoding of the URL combined with the encoding of the slash characters. An attacker can take advantage of the multiple way of encoding an URL and abuse the interpretation of the URL. An URL may contain special character that need special syntax handling in order to be interpreted. Special characters are represented using a percentage character followed by two digits representing the octet code of the original character (%HEX-CODE). For instance US-ASCII space character would be represented with %20. This is often referred as escaped ending or percent-encoding. Since the server decodes the URL from the requests, it may restrict the access to some URL paths by validating and filtering out the URL requests it received. An attacker will try to craft an URL with a sequence of special characters which once interpreted by the server will be equivalent to a forbidden URL. It can be difficult to protect against this attack since the URL can contain other format of encoding such as UTF-8 encoding, Unicode-encoding, etc.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.


descriptionApple Mac OS X Server 10.5 Wiki Server Directory Traversal Vulnerability. CVE-2008-1000 . Remote exploit for osx platform
last seen2016-02-03
reporterRodrigo Carvalho
titleApple Mac OS X Server 10.5 - Wiki Server Directory Traversal Vulnerability


NASL familyMacOS X Local Security Checks
descriptionThe remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.5 or 10.4 that does not have the security update 2008-002 applied. This update contains several security fixes for a number of programs.
last seen2020-06-01
plugin id31605
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
titleMac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities (Security Update 2008-002)
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.

if (!defined_func("bn_random")) exit(0);
if (NASL_LEVEL < 3004) exit(0);


if (description)
  script_version ("1.38");
  script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/07/14  1:59:35");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2005-3352", "CVE-2005-4077", "CVE-2006-3334", "CVE-2006-3747", "CVE-2006-5793",
                "CVE-2006-6481", "CVE-2007-0897", "CVE-2007-0898", "CVE-2007-1659", "CVE-2007-1660",
                "CVE-2007-1661", "CVE-2007-1662", "CVE-2007-1745", "CVE-2007-1997", "CVE-2007-2445",
                "CVE-2007-2799", "CVE-2007-3378", "CVE-2007-3725", "CVE-2007-3799", "CVE-2007-3847",
                "CVE-2007-4510", "CVE-2007-4560", "CVE-2007-4568", "CVE-2007-4752", "CVE-2007-4766",
                "CVE-2007-4767", "CVE-2007-4768", "CVE-2007-4887", "CVE-2007-4990", "CVE-2007-5000",
                "CVE-2007-5266", "CVE-2007-5267", "CVE-2007-5268", "CVE-2007-5269", "CVE-2007-5795",
                "CVE-2007-5901", "CVE-2007-5958", "CVE-2007-5971", "CVE-2007-6109", "CVE-2007-6203",
                "CVE-2007-6335", "CVE-2007-6336", "CVE-2007-6337", "CVE-2007-6388", "CVE-2007-6421",
                "CVE-2007-6427", "CVE-2007-6428", "CVE-2007-6429", "CVE-2008-0005", "CVE-2008-0006",
                "CVE-2008-0044", "CVE-2008-0045", "CVE-2008-0046", "CVE-2008-0047", "CVE-2008-0048",
                "CVE-2008-0049", "CVE-2008-0050", "CVE-2008-0051", "CVE-2008-0052", "CVE-2008-0053",
                "CVE-2008-0054", "CVE-2008-0055", "CVE-2008-0056", "CVE-2008-0057", "CVE-2008-0058",
                "CVE-2008-0059", "CVE-2008-0060", "CVE-2008-0062", "CVE-2008-0063", "CVE-2008-0318",
                "CVE-2008-0596", "CVE-2008-0728", "CVE-2008-0882", "CVE-2008-0987", "CVE-2008-0988",
                "CVE-2008-0989", "CVE-2008-0990", "CVE-2008-0992", "CVE-2008-0993", "CVE-2008-0994",
                "CVE-2008-0995", "CVE-2008-0996", "CVE-2008-0997", "CVE-2008-0998", "CVE-2008-0999",
  script_bugtraq_id(19204, 21078, 24268, 25398, 25439, 25489, 25498, 26346, 26750, 26838,
                    26927, 26946, 27234, 27236, 27751, 27988, 28278, 28303, 28304, 28307,
                    28320, 28323, 28334, 28339, 28340, 28341, 28343, 28344, 28345, 28357,
                    28358, 28359, 28363, 28364, 28365, 28367, 28368, 28371, 28371, 28372,
                    28374, 28375, 28384, 28385, 28386, 28387, 28388, 28389);

  script_name(english:"Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities (Security Update 2008-002)");
  script_summary(english:"Check for the presence of Security Update 2008-002");

   script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote host is missing a Mac OS X update that fixes various
security issues." );
   script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.5 or 10.4 that
does not have the security update 2008-002 applied. 

This update contains several security fixes for a number of programs." );
   script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"" );
   script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"" );
   script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"" );
   script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Install Security Update 2008-002 or later." );
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"metasploit_name", value:'ClamAV Milter Blackhole-Mode Remote Code Execution');
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_metasploit", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_canvas", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"canvas_package", value:'CANVAS');
  script_cwe_id(20, 22, 78, 79, 94, 119, 134, 189, 200, 255, 264, 362, 399);

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value: "2008/03/19");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value: "2007/08/24");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value: "2007/06/02");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:apple:mac_os_x");

  script_family(english:"MacOS X Local Security Checks");
  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");
  script_require_keys("Host/MacOSX/packages", "Host/uname");

uname = get_kb_item("Host/uname");
if (!uname) exit(0);

if (egrep(pattern:"Darwin.* (8\.[0-9]\.|8\.1[01]\.)", string:uname))
  packages = get_kb_item("Host/MacOSX/packages");
  if (!packages) exit(0);

  if (!egrep(pattern:"^SecUpd(Srvr)?(2008-00[2-8]|2009-|20[1-9][0-9]-)", string:packages))
else if (egrep(pattern:"Darwin.* (9\.[0-2]\.)", string:uname))
  packages = get_kb_item("Host/MacOSX/packages/boms");
  if (!packages) exit(0);

  if (!egrep(pattern:"^com\.apple\.pkg\.update\.security\.2008\.002\.bom", string:packages))



descriptionBUGTRAQ ID: 28278 CVE(CAN) ID: CVE-2008-1000 Mac OS X Server也被称为Leopard Server,是苹果发布的集成了多种功能的服务器。 MacOS X Server中默认启用的python Web服务器Wiki Server受目录遍历攻击的影响,远程攻击者可能利用此漏洞控制服务器。 可以编辑wiki内容的用户可以上传文件替换wiki服务器可写入的内容,导致以wiki服务器的权限执行任意代码。以下是/usr/share/wikid/lib/python/apple_wlt/ContentServer.py文件中有漏洞的代码段: /----------- def uploadFileCallback(self, result): filename, filetype, aFile = result[1][self.type][0] filename = filename.decode('utf-8') filename = filename.split('\\')[-1] # IE sends the whole path, including your local username. extension = filename.split('.')[-1] oldFilename = filename uploadType = os.path.split(self.fullpath)[-1] if uploadType == &quot;images&quot;: filename = SettingsManager.findGoodName() + '.' + extension logging.debug(&quot;beginning file upload: %s&quot; % filename) isImage = filenameIsImage(filename) newPath = ImageUtilities.findUniqueFileName(os.path.join(self.fullpath, filename), isImage = (not uploadType == 'attachments')) newFilename = os.path.basename(newPath) if uploadType == &quot;attachments&quot;: newParentFolder = os.path.dirname(newPath) os.mkdir(newParentFolder) newFilename = os.path.join(os.path.basename(newParentFolder), filename) [...] - -----------/ Apple MacOS X Server 10.5.2 Apple ----- 目前厂商已经发布了升级补丁以修复这个安全问题,请到厂商的主页下载: <a href=;cat=57&amp;platform=osx&amp;method=sa/SecUpd2008-002.dmg target=_blank>;cat=57&amp;platform=osx&amp;method=sa/SecUpd2008-002.dmg</a>
last seen2017-11-19
titleApple Mac OS X Server Wiki服务器目录遍历漏洞